WRENN était un fabricant anglais situé à Lee Green, quartier de Londres et ensuite à Basildon dans l’Essex. L’entreprise fut créée en 1950 par les frères George & Richard Wrenn. Elle fabriquait essentiellement des rails à échelle OO et un peu plus tard à l’échelle TT.
En 1960, G & R Wrenn se lance dans la fabrication de voitures électriques similaire à Scalextric. WRENN a produit son système à une échelle plus petite de 1/52, c’est ainsi qu’il a pris le nom de WRENN 152.
En 1965, Lines Bros a acheté une part de contrôle dans G & R Wrenn Ltd. C’est à ce moment-là que WRENN proposa ses premiers modèles de chemin de fer sous sa marque.
En 1970, après quatre ans sous le label WRENN, la gamme fut rebaptisée « Tri-ang WRENN » et ce nom dura jusqu’en 1972.
Après le déconfiture un groupe Lines Bros WRENN repris sa pleine autonomie est continua son activité sous le nom de WRENN RAILWAYS ‘ en vendant principalement des produits moulés sous pression de l’ancienne gamme ‘Hornby Dublo’.
En 1992, la société a été mise en vente, en tant qu’entreprise en exploitation, mais la société a finalement fermé ses portes sans qu’un acheteur ne soit trouvé et c’est en 1993 que DAPOL acheta le stock et les droits de WRENN pour les revendre en 2001 à trois associés. L’aventure ne durera que quelques années. WRENN fermera ces portes en 2009.
Je vous propose de découvrir une présentation de la marque par WRENN … eux même. Le texte est forcement en anglais et non traduit afin de respecter mot à mot ce document.
A HISTORY OF THE COMPANY – G & R WRENN LTD. by WRENN
Pre Model Railway Locomotives
The ‘G’ and ‘R’ in the name « G & R Wrenn Limited »ã represent the names of George and Richard Wrenn, brothers, who started the now famous Company in 1950. A third brother, Cedric, was to join the Company in the late 1950s. The ‘family’ business continued right through until 1992 with the exception of a few years in the late 1960s when G & R Wrenn lost its independent existence and became part of the Lines Brothers Group. In late November 1992 ‘G & R Wrenn Limited’ ceased trading and the name and assets of the company were later bought by David Boyle of Dapol Model Railways.
The ‘George’ and ‘Richard’ Wrenn who signed the Deed of Partnership on 29.11.1950, commencing the original Partnership known as « G. & R. Wrenn » – were George Raymond Wrenn, b. 11.12.1920 and Cyril Richard Wrenn, b. 5.3.1922, brothers. The Partnership was signed for an original period of 5 years. The brothers’ main business was the manufacture of high quality track-work and points for ‘OO’ Gauge model railways and the business premises were at No. 123 Lee Road, Lee Green, Blackheath, London S.E.3. They produced track for both 2 and 3 rail operation in compatible format for use with Farish, Hornby, Tri-ang, Trix, and also a Universal pattern. In 1952 extra staff were taken on as the business expanded, and ‘Ray’ Wrenn (as his family always knew George Raymond) employed his first Secretary, a young girl called Audrey, whom he later married and in 1956 she became Mrs Audrey Doris Wrenn.
The Partnership Accounts for the 15 months period, ending 31st March 1953 showed a Trading turnover of £12,562-12s-2d (£9,580-6s-2d after deduction of Purchase Tax) with a profit of £1,713-15s-9d
In March 1955, because of continued increase in business and expansion in necessary work-space, the business moved across London to Unit 9, Bowlers Croft which was located in Honeywood Road, Basildon. Continued expansion eventually brought in the additional Bowlers Croft Units so as to provide business space at Nos. 7, 9 and 11. Mrs Audrey Wrenn had left employment with the Wrenn business because of the move in 1955 and did not return to work with the Company until 1966, 3 years after the birth of their daughter, Vanessa. Audrey eventually became Company Secretary and she remained a Director of the Company until its final sale in 1993.
The next major event for the business was in October 1957 when the ‘Partnership’ was transferred into a Limited Company, G. & R. Wrenn Limited. The original share issue of 10,000 £1 shares, dated 8th January 1958, was divided equally between George and Richard who were both shown as ‘Engineers’ in the Company Articles of Association, George having served his Apprenticeship with Vickers-Armstrong Ltd.. George and Richard were ‘Joint’ Chairmen of the Company and Richard was also Company Secretary.
The Partnership Accounts for the period between 1st April 1957 and 31st October 1957 (prepared on the move to Limited Company status) showed a turnover of £32,258-11s-1d (£25,736-7s-11d after deduction of Purchase Tax) with a profit of £5,235-12s-0d.
In August 1957, just prior to the founding of the Limited Company, Richard Wrenn wrote formally to his brother Cedric, encouraging him to join the Company ‘as soon as is humanly possible’. The letter recognised that Cedric would need to ‘wind up’ his business interests in Antiques and then continued that the possibility of him starting before September would be very nice, even if he must return to wind matters up finally. The letter does seem to be written in a very formal manner, even for the time of the late 1950s. A hand-written note across the ‘copy’ of the letter found in the Company files suggests a possible reason – « Letter sent to Cedric for the purpose of assisting in the sale of his business possibly as a going concern ». Shortly afterwards John Cedric Wrenn joined his brothers in their venture, eventually becoming Sales Director of the Company, a position which he held until his retirement in March 1982.
1960 saw the introduction by G. & R. Wrenn Ltd. of the ‘152’ Series Racing Car system, smaller in scale but very much the major competitor to the ‘Scalextric’ system owned and at that time being developed by the Lines Bros. Group. The early inventors of ‘Scalextric’, Minimodels Limited, was bought by the Tri-ang Group in November 1958 who then set about a wide range of improvements and additions. Advertising literature of the day announced « in 1963 four new cars were launched, complete with Tri-ang’s RX motor and accurately moulded plastic bodies. The variable speed hand throttle replaced the original ‘dapper’ type controller and the construction of new track sections and buildings enabled authentic reproductions of actual race tracks to be launched. »
The Wrenn 152 system started life as an ‘AC’ control system, but by 1965 you could buy sets and accessories for either ‘AC’ or ‘DC’ control systems. Full details of the 152 system will be available in the accompanying second CD Rom ‘book’ which will deal in detail with all non-railway related items manufactured by G. & R. Wrenn Limited, such as:
The Master Mariner Set; The Wrenn Wonder Boat; Battery Operated Motor Boats;
Mighty Midget 3-6 Volt motors; A baby alarm; Doodle Discs; and The Pull Back ‘n’ Go Mini.
The link with ‘Trix’ Railways
In a joint Press Release, « The Directors of British Trix Ltd. and G. & R. Wrenn Ltd. jointly announce that they have reached agreement whereby the famous range of WRENN products will be, starting 1st June 1964, sold on the Home Market by British Trix Ltd. » The Press Release continues, « Apart from their famous series of model railway track and accessories, Messrs. Wrenn Ltd. are well known as the makers of the famous Formula ‘152’ Triple Electric Model Motor Racing. » (the word ‘triple’ was in reference to the fact that you could race 3 cars on each track and also change lanes)
The G. & R. Wrenn Company Records show that in May 1964 they issued a series of Debentures (Loans) up to the value of £20,000. In August 1964 the 1st Debenture for £10,000 was issued to British Celanese Ltd. (one of the associated Companies of British Trix Ltd.) with another for £5,000 being issued in June 1965. It seems that George and Richard Wrenn needed to raise money for the Company and in this way they were able to do so without selling their shares in the Company. One of the ‘costs’ associated with the Debentures was that British Trix Ltd. established one of their Directors, a Mr. James Richard Samuel MORRIS, as a Director of G. & R. Wrenn Limited. The Company return for 1965 shows Mr. Morris as a Director of both Companies and also – National Plastics Ltd., Celanese Building Comp. Ltd., British Lego Ltd., National Plastics (Holding) Ltd., Ecme Ltd., and Lanarkite Ltd., most of these being companies associated with British Trix Ltd.
Whatever happened between the two companies over the next few months, or, whatever agreements were struck between Richard Lines and George Wrenn at the 1965 British Toy Fair, perhaps we will never know, but, by 16th October 1965 the Series of Debentures with British Celanese Ltd. were returned to G. & R. Wrenn Ltd. as ‘Wholly Satisfied’. This ‘re-purchase’ and clearance seems to have been a pre-cursor to Lines Bros. Ltd. buying 6,666 of the 10,000 shares in G. & R. Wrenn Ltd. on the 1st January 1966. These shares were bought in equal proportions from both George and Richard, leaving them with 1,667 shares each from their original 5,000.
The link with Hornby Dublo
1964 was the date of the collapse of ‘Meccano Ltd’ã . of Binns Road, Liverpool. Meccano Ltd. had been the producers of Meccano, Dinky Toys, Hornby ‘O’ gauge trains and of course, ‘Hornby Dublo’ã die-cast model railways. The Meccano Company had been taken over by the Lines Bros. Group on 14th February 1964 with the purchase of full share capital for £781,000 (big, big money in 1964 prices!!). Early activity for the newly acquired stocks (especially the stock of Hornby Dublo 3 Rail items) was to sell them as quickly as possible through various retail outlets. Apparently Colonel Beattie (of Beatties Models) sold over 1,000 Dublo 3 Rail locomotives at less than half of their retail price, from his Southgate shop, in the month of April 1965 alone. The problem was though, that if the market was flooded with too many model engines then the sales of Tri-ang products themselves would obviously suffer. The winter of 1964/65 was spent planning the fine detail of how the products of the two companies would be amalgamated. Whilst Dinky Toys and Meccano would be useful additions to the product lines, maintaining two competing railway product lines did not seem to be a viable option. On the 1st May 1965 it was announced that the two systems would merge under the Brand name of « Tri-ang HORNBY ». As soon became apparent, the Tri-ang Railways system continued almost as before, but under a new name.
As mentioned in the previous paragraph, G & R Wrenn had also been ‘absorbed’ into the Lines Bros. Group of companies on 1st January 1966, but undoubtedly this ‘purchase’ had formed part of the planning which took place during the previous 12 months. It is reported in other accounts that « George Wrenn apparently approached the ‘Board’ of Lines Bros. and asked whether his company, working within the Group, could use the Hornby Dublo tools and assemble the models and sell them under his own name (Wrenn). The request was granted and most of the original moulds and tools were transferred to the site at Basildon ». In my opinion the purchase of the majority share-holding in G. & R. Wrenn Ltd. had probably been seen by Lines Bros. as the preferred route to use and benefit from the Hornby Dublo moulds and products without introducing any market competition from competitor companies. This thinking is supported by the fact that Lines Bros. bought Meccano Ltd. nearly 11 months before they bought the shares in G. & R. Wrenn.
Whilst there were some obvious business benefits in buying control of G. & R. Wrenn Limited, it seems to me that there must be a mention of the Wrenn 152 racing car series, the major market competitor to ‘Scalextric’. In May 1965 Wrenn issued a Trade Price List which included 6 boxed 152 sets, 2 extension packs, 20 AC and DC cars, 16 different track sections, 4 buildings, 11 Accessories, 10 Service packets, 5 Layout construction items and an AC and a DC transformer. Within 18 months there was no mention of the Wrenn 152 Series in their Price Lists whatsoever and the whole Series was withdrawn from sale. Was there a connection I wonder between the provision of the Hornby Dublo moulds to G. & R. Wrenn Ltd, and the withdrawal of the Wrenn 152 racing series?
Less than 12 months after being taken into the Lines Bros. Group, December 1966 saw the first Wrenn locomotive, « Cardiff Castle » being advertised for sale (the Castle locomotive of course being one of the original Hornby Dublo products). The moulds had been altered and updated to imprint the name
« G &R Wrenn Ltd » onto the under body of the locomotive and the first of the many G & R Wrenn Locomotives was born.
G. & R. Wrenn Ltd. was also selected by Lines Bros. as one of the routes to market and sell the still remaining items of Hornby Dublo stock of completed locomotives, wagons and coaches as well as Hornby Dublo parts and spares.
The range of new Wrenn versions of ex-Hornby Dublo locomotives was expanded in 1967 to include the Stanier 8F Freight 2-8-0 and the 2-6-4 Tank locomotive.
The link with Tri-ang
The first visible link with ‘Tri-ang’ã , another of the company members of the Lines Bros. Group (along with Spot-On Models Ltd, Rovex, Pedigree Soft Toys, Minic and several others) followed the Group decision in 1969 to amend their earlier decision and now brand and market the new ‘Wrenn’ products under the joint name of « Tri-ang WRENN »ã . An advert for « Tri-ang WRENN » items appeared in the October 1969 copy of the Railway Modeller. (Perhaps G. & R. Wrenn were becoming too successful in selling the ex-Hornby Dublo products that were actually owned by the Tri-ang, or Lines Bros. Group, or possibly, on a more positive note, was it perhaps a chance to increase sales by including the range in the Tri-ang HORNBYÓ Railways Catalogues?) The link between the two companies already existed in a less visible way as by 1968 the remaining stocks of Tri-ang ‘TT’ (Table Top) scale model railways were already being sold under the name of « Wrenn Table Top » products.
Another earlier, and even less obvious link between Wrenn and Tri-ang was the fitting of Tri-ang Mark 4 couplings (tension-lock) to all Wrenn products, rather than the original Hornby Dublo type couplings.
The ‘Tri-ang WRENN’ locomotives and wagons were sold in completely new boxes to mark the change in Brand Name.
The Tri-ang WRENN era covered the period between January 1970 and January 1972.
The third Period – 1972 to 1980
The year 1972 saw the separation of G. & R. Wrenn from the Lines Bros. Group, and of course Tri-ang, back to an independent family owned company. Although ‘Tri-ang HORNBY’ continued to advertise Wrenn products in their catalogue for that year, 1972 saw the move back to « G. & R. Wrenn Limited », and the third style of brand image with the introduction of the now famous
« guard with the Union Jack » in 1973.
Some would argue that this ‘third’ period actually covered all the way through to the end of trading in 1992, but, for those who collect variations in box styles, there was a significant change in the box information for both wagons and coach boxes around the period of May 1980.
The fourth Period – 1980 to 1992
This twelve year period saw the introduction of in excess of 70 new wagon identities to the catalogue, with many of the previous production identities also being continued. New identities for locos and coaches also substantially extended the existing catalogue numbers.
As the final decision to ‘cease trading’ was announced to the retailers in October1992, with the announcement of a ‘Closing Down Sale’ final orders were taken from the retailers and many people began the scramble to buy the last of the Wrenn products, particularly at that time, the locomotives. In addition to the ‘final sales’ to the retailers, many individual collectors visited the factory to buy the very last of the ‘Basildon’ made Wrenn Railways products.
The Dapol years (Winsford 1993 to 1994, and Llangollen 1995 to 2001)
News of the ‘take-over’ by Dapol appeared in a ‘News Special’ section of the Railway Modeller in August 1993. The moulds, the presses, the parts, the spares and whatever completed items remained, were transported to the Dapol premises in Winsford, along with the paper records of the company, and David Boyle and his staff began the initial process of sorting out what they had.
Adverts appeared in the Railway press in August 1993 encouraging people to take their ‘last chance to buy original Wrenn wagons in Wrenn boxes’, on average at £10 per item (Big money in those far off days when most Wrenn wagons on the secondary market were changing hands at £6-£10 each). On reflection of course there were some real bargains to be had – W5100 Wrenn Railways Ventilated Van and W5105 Jaffa at £10!!! These adverts continued until April 1994, and the wagons that were sold did appear in original Wrenn boxes, but predominantly with Dapol style printed labels on the box ends. These wagons (58 of them) are now catalogued as « The Winsford Wagons » and are highly collectable as a complete and different set.
Much of the energy of Dapol seemed to be deflected from Wrenn railways products at this time, with no locos ever being offered for sale, no coaches ever offered for sale, and no further advertising for the sale of the wagons. The energy seemed to be consumed in the move of the Company from Winsford in Cheshire, to its new home at The Lower Dee Mill in Llangollen, Denbighshire.
The Company started the transfer of their production line in late 1994, to the new Llangollen site. In January 1995, with some of the Wrenn items still at Winsford, there was a massive fire at the Winsford site, with literally millions of pounds worth of damage to the contents. Luckily (for Wrenn collectors at least), the majority of the Wrenn items had already been moved to the new site at Llangollen, but undoubtedly, the fire consumed a large part of the G. & R. Wrenn history in art-work and records.
Nothing much happened on the Wrenn front for the next few months, other than several hints or announcements in the Railway Press that Dapol would soon re-start production of the original Wrenn die-cast locomotives. The first loco to be produced was going to be the Bulleid ‘Re-built’ and it would be available in any identity that Wrenn had actually produced (perhaps because transfers and name-plates already existed?). In any event, and for whatever reason, the production of the locos never took place. Planned production of a large number of the previously issued Wrenn wagons was also captured in the ‘Dapol’ 4th Edition Catalogue.
Between April 1996 and July 1997 Dapol again advertised in the Railway Press that people had a ‘last chance to buy’ four of the original Wrenn production wagons. These were the Higgs 5 Plank wagon (W4635), the Brown Mineral Wagon (W4655A), the Robertsons’ Ventilated Van (W5010) and the Black GPV (W5057), still in original format and in Wrenn boxes, and now at £15 per wagon. Most of these were sold without the boxes being stamped or labelled in any way. Some were issued with the wagon information written on the end flap(s) in ink. (Could these wagons be described as The Llangollen Four?)
In November 1997 Dapol announced that they were to start the sale of two new catalogues of previous Wrenn wagons, which they introduced as their « WR1 » and « WR2 » ranges. The WR1 Range consisted of original Wrenn wagon bodies mounted on original Wrenn wagon die-cast chassis, but fitted with Dapol couplings and Dapol pin-point axle wheels. These wagons were sold in Dapol boxes (£14.99). The WR2 range consisted of original Wrenn wagon bodies mounted on Dapol chassis, with Dapol wheels and couplings and were also sold in Dapol boxes (£7.99). They also introduced a new WR3 range which consisted of entirely new Dapol-made wagon bodies on Dapol chassis and Dapol boxes, but made using the original Wrenn wagon body moulds, now refurbished and taken into the Dapol production system.
The Cheshunt, Hertfordshire years (2001 to present date) => 2004
In November 2001, three avid Wrenn collectors came together and bought the G. & R. Wrenn Company from Dapol LtdÓ . They acquired the Company name, the Registered Trade Marks, the original tools and presses (with the exception of the wagon tools that had been absorbed into the Dapol production lines) and all of the then remaining parts and spares. There was never any intention of re-opening a fully functional production line factory for Wrenn products, but it was rather an attempt to preserve the identity of the original Company and to prevent any other prospective purchaser acquiring the Company and moving it, and production, abroad.
In the first year under new ownership the Company had produced a new Limited Edition wagon (W5510) and a new Limited Edition Golden Arrow Pullman coach (W6105P). A second Limited Edition wagon (W5511) is now ready for distribution during October 2003.
All new Wrenn products, along with the original Wrenn parts and spares and ‘Dapol’ WR1 and WR2 wagons can be bought through the Company’s new Web-Site.
A new book, entitled « THE STORY OF WRENN – From Binns Road to Basildon » covers the history of the Company and the production of all OO/HO gauge model railway engines, wagons and coaches between 1966 and 2004. The book contains full Catalogue number details of all of those products, in each of the production periods, together with estimates of current prices you would expect to pay for ‘Mint’ examples of such items. For the very first time the production figures of Wrenn Railways products are published – laying to rest many of the ‘folk-lore’ tales about the rarity or otherwise of certain locos, wagons and coaches. Full details of availability and how to purchase your copy are contained on the ‘NEWS’ pages.